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Chlamydia - Causes, Symptoms, & Treatment

Written by Dr. Salim Olabi | Medically reviewed by Editorial Team
Last updated on: June 20, 2024

What is Chlamydia ?

Chlamydia is a common sexually transmitted infection (STI) caused by the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis. It can infect both men and women and can lead to serious health problems if left untreated. Chlamydia is often asymptomatic, meaning many individuals may not realise they are infected. At SKIN111 clinics we can provide discrete and accurate testing for chlamydia and relevant treatments as required.

Chlamydia Symptoms in Men

In men, chlamydia can cause symptoms such as:

- Painful urination

- Discharge from the penis.

- Testicular pain and swelling

- Rectal pain, discharge, or bleeding (if the infection is in the rectum)

Chlamydia Symptoms in Women

In women, chlamydia symptoms may include:

- Painful urination

- Abnormal vaginal discharge

- Pain during sexual intercourse

- Bleeding between periods

- Lower abdominal pain

- Rectal pain, discharge, or bleeding (if the infection is in the rectum)

Risk Factors of Chlamydia

Risk factors for contracting chlamydia include:

- Having unprotected sex (vaginal, anal, or oral)

- Having multiple sexual partners

- Being sexually active and under 25 years old

- Having a history of STIs

- Not using barrier methods of contraception, such as condoms

Treatment of Chlamydia

Chlamydia is typically treated with antibiotics. The most common treatments are:

- Azithromycin: A single dose

- Doxycycline: Taken twice daily for seven days

It is important for sexual partners to be treated simultaneously to prevent re-infection. Abstaining from sexual activity until the infection is fully cleared is also advised.

Chlamydia Prevention

Preventing chlamydia involves practicing safe sex and taking precautions such as:

- Using condoms consistently and correctly

- Limiting the number of sexual partners

- Regular STI screening, especially if you are at higher risk.

- Ensuring both you and your partner(s) are tested and treated for STIs before engaging in sexual activity.

FAQs on Chlamydia

How long can chlamydia last?

If left untreated, chlamydia can last for several months or even years. The infection can lead to serious health complications, so timely Chlamydia treatment is crucial.

How do you flush out chlamydia?

The only effective way to "flush out" chlamydia is through prescribed antibiotics. There are no home remedies or natural methods proven to eliminate the infection.

Is chlamydia an STD or STI?

Chlamydia is both an STD (sexually transmitted disease) and an STI (sexually transmitted infection). The terms are often used interchangeably, though "STI" is increasingly used to emphasize the potential for an infection without chlamydia symptoms.

What is late-stage chlamydia?

Late-stage chlamydia refers to complications arising from untreated chlamydia over a long period. In women, it can lead to pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), which can cause infertility and chronic pelvic pain. In men, it can lead to epididymitis, potentially resulting in infertility.

What kills chlamydia naturally?

There are no natural remedies that have been proven to kill chlamydia. The infection requires antibiotic treatment prescribed by a healthcare provider. Relying on natural remedies can lead to serious health complications.

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